Come si traduce "Мопс" in italiano: Carlino, carlino. Frasi di esempio: на моем мопсе, проверяя, может ли оно действительно хватать. Мопс - Traduzione in Italiano, definizione, sinonimi, contrari, esempi. Traduzione Russo Italiano.
The pug is a breed of dog originally from China , with physically distinctive features of a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. The breed has a fine, glossy coat that comes in a variety of colors, most often light brown fawn or black, and a compact, square body with well-developed muscles.
Pugs were brought from China to Europe in the sixteenth century and were popularized in Western Europe by the House of Orange of the Netherlands, and the House of Stuart. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs. While the pugs that are depicted in eighteenth century prints tend to be long and lean,  modern breed preferences are for a square cobby body, a compact form, a deep chest, and well-developed muscle.
Pugs have two distinct shapes for their ears, "rose" and "button". Breeding preference goes to "button" style ears. Their shoulders are moderately laid back. Their ankles are strong, their feet are small, their toes are well split-up, and their nails are black. The majority of the breed is very fond of children and sturdy enough to properly play with them.
They also tend to have a snoozy nature and spend a lot of time napping. Pugs are often called "shadows" because they follow their owners around and like to stay close to the action,  craving attention and affection from their owners. Pug pregnancies last an average of 63 days.
The average sized litter for pugs is 4 to 6 puppies, though this can vary from 1 to 9 and still be considered normal. Fawn is the most common color for a pug, but the American Kennel Club also recognizes the color black. The Canadian Kennel Club recognizes the colors black, silver, apricot, and fawn.
Pugs were brought from China to Europe in the sixteenth century. In ancient times, pugs were bred to be companions for ruling families in China. The pet pugs were highly valued by Chinese Emperors, and the royal dogs were kept in luxury and guarded by soldiers. In Tibet , Buddhist monks kept pugs as pets in their monasteries.
Pugs were popular at European courts, and reportedly became the official dog of the House of Orange in after a pug named Pompey saved the life of the Prince of Orange by alerting him to the approach of assassins. The breed eventually became popular in other European countries as well.
Pugs were painted by Goya in Spain , and in Italy they rode up front on private carriages, dressed in jackets and pantaloons that matched those of the coachman. They were used by the military to track animals and people, and were also employed as guard dogs.
The English painter William Hogarth was the devoted owner of a series of pugs. Every carriage I meet here has a Pug in it. The popularity of the pug continued to spread in France during the eighteenth century. In nineteenth century England, the breed flourished under the patronage of Queen Victoria.
In paintings and engravings of the 18th and 19th centuries, pugs usually appear with longer legs and noses than today, and sometimes with cropped ears. These pugs had shorter legs and the modern-style pug nose. The British aristocrat Lady Brassey is credited with making black pugs fashionable after she brought some back from China in Pugs arrived in the United States during the nineteenth century and were soon making their way into the family home and the show ring.
The breeding of pugs led to shorter muzzles and shorter legs over time, with the dogs susceptible to health issues. Since there has been a trend in some countries to breed "retro pugs". Since pugs lack longer snouts and prominent skeletal brow ridges , they are susceptible to eye injuries such as proptosis , scratched corneas , and painful entropion.
Following the deaths of pugs and other brachycephalic breeds, several airlines either banned their transport in cargo or enacted seasonal restrictions. Pugs that live a mostly sedentary life can be prone to obesity , though this is avoidable with regular exercise and a healthy diet.
Pugs are prone to brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome BAOS which causes respiratory distress in short-snouted breeds. Pugs have elongated palates. When excited, they are prone to " reverse sneezing " which causes them to quickly and seemingly laboriously gasp and snort.
The veterinary name for this is pharyngeal gag reflex and it is caused by fluid or debris getting caught under the palate and irritating the throat or limiting breathing. Some pugs are also born with stenotic nares pinched nostrils which can inhibit their breathing. In serious cases, it makes breathing even more difficult and puts added pressure on the larynx.
If this happens, one should inquire with their veterinarian whether or not surgery is needed to open the nostrils. Protruding eyes and eye prolapse is a common problem among pugs and other brachycephalic breeds and can be caused by a trauma to the head or neck.
If the prolapse happens on a regular basis, the pug might require surgery. Pugs have many wrinkles in their faces, so owners will often clean inside the creases to avoid irritation and infection. Pugs are one of several breeds that are more susceptible than other dogs to demodectic mange , also known as "demodex".
It is a problem for many young pugs, although not usually a major one, and is easily treatable, but some are especially susceptible and present with a systemic form of the condition. In , an investigative documentary carried out by the BBC found significant inbreeding between pedigree dogs, with a study by Imperial College, London, showing that the 10, pugs in the UK were so inbred that their gene pool was the equivalent of only 50 individuals.
Pugs can suffer from necrotizing meningoencephalitis NME , also known as pug dog encephalitis PDE , an inflammation of the brain and meninges. This breed, along with other brachycephalic dogs e. The condition occurs when two parts of a spinal vertebra do not fuse properly while a young pug is still growing, resulting in an irregularly shaped spinal cavity which can put pressure on the spinal cord.
Young Lady in a Boat with a pug by James Tissot , The breed became iconic in India, as it was featured as the mascot in a series of Vodafone formerly Hutchison Essar advertising commercials directed by Prakash Varma.
The pug that was predominantly featured in the commercials was Cheeka. A few other adverts also appeared in the following months, inspired by the idea of a dog following a boy. The film The Adventures of Milo and Otis features a pug named Otis, known as "Poosky" in its original Japanese version The Adventures of Chatran , portrayed by multiple animal actors.
The Men in Black film series features Frank , a fictional talking pug portrayed by animal actor Mushu. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 29 January For other uses, see Pug disambiguation.
The breed has strong, straight legs set well under the body and a tail that curls over the hip. Dogs portal. American Kennel Club. Retrieved 19 August Pugs in Public. Media Holdings. ISBN Our Best Friends: The Pug. Pittsburgh: ElDorado Ink. Retrieved 2 April Retrieved 14 October The fawn color should be decided so as to make the contrast complete between the color and the trace and mask.
Pug Dog Club of America. Archived from the original on 15 October Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 26 December PetWave Corporation. Archived from the original on 1 December Retrieved 13 July Archived from the original on 26 May Retrieved 26 May The Pug Handbook.
Proportion of litters of purebred dogs born by caesarean section. J Small Anim Pract. PMID Heinemann, London. The Lo-chiang dog was a "pai" dog and consequently small, "short-headed," and "short-legged" before A. It was very possibly the Chinese pug and appears to have been fashionable at the Chinese court from the beginning of the eighth century to the middle of the eleventh century possibly even to the removal of the capital from Hsianfu to Peking, about A.
Howell Book House. The Painter and his Pug, Tate Gallery, London, England. Retrieved 9 April Retrieved 17 January Read Books Limited. History Today. Eighteenth Century Fiction, 25 1 , The Bulldog Information Library.
Мопс (нидерл. mops) — порода декоративных собак. Мопсы были привезены из Китая в Европу в Bahasa Indonesia · Ido · Italiano · 日本語 · ქართული · ಕನ್ನಡ.Мопс заехал на Бучу или как вертухаи вызвали полицию на Мопса